17th-18th centuries | 19th century | 20th century | 21st century

The 16th Century (XVI Century) lasted from 1601 to 1700. The 17th Century (XVII Century) lasted from 1701 to 1800. The following are events that happened within the 16th-17th Centuries:

  • 1796: The Potawatomi Indian wife of du Sable delivers Eulalia Pointe du Sable, Chicago's first recorded birth.
  • 1795: Six square miles (16 km²) of land at the mouth of the Chicago River are reserved by the Treaty of Greenville for use by the United States.
  • 1779: Haitian immigrant Jean Baptiste Point du Sable establishes Chicago's first permanent settlement near the mouth of the Chicago River.
  • 1705: Conflicts develop between French traders and the Fox tribe of native Americans. Fort de Chicago is abandoned.
  • 1696: Jesuit missionary Francois Pinet founds the Mission of the Guardian Angel. It is abandoned four years later.
  • 1683: French Jesuits establish Fort de Chicago, the area's first true European settlement.
  • 1682: French explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, passes through Chicago en route to the mouth of the Mississippi River.
  • 1673: French-Canadian explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet, on their way to Québec, pass through the area that will become Chicago.

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