17th-18th centuries | 19th century | 20th century | 21st century

The 19th Century (XIX Century) lasted from 1801 to 1900. The following are events that happened in the 19th century:

  • 1894: May 11-August 2, the Pullman Strike.
  • 1893: First Ferris Wheel built by George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr..
  • 1893: The World's Columbian Exposition (World's Fair)
  • 1892: Masonic Temple is, for two years, the tallest building in the world, using highest occupied floor criteria.
  • 1891: Chicago's first elevated railway "The El," went into operation to begin the "Loop" that would circle the city's downtown area.
  • 1890: The University of Chicago is founded by John D. Rockefeller.
  • 1886: May 4, the Haymarket Riot.
  • 1885: Home Insurance Building is world's first skyscraper.
  • 1871: October 8-October 10, the Great Chicago Fire.
  • 1868: Rand McNally is formed as a railway guide company.
  • 1867: Construction began on the Water Tower designed by architect W. W. Boyington.
  • 1863: Mercy Hospital becomes the first hospital in Illinois.
  • 1860: September 8, the Lady Elgin Disaster.
  • 1855: Lager Beer Riot.
  • 1854: A cholera epidemic took the lives of 5.5% of the population of Chicago.
  • 1851: Chicago's first institution of higher education, Northwestern University, is founded.
  • 1848: Chicago Board of Trade opens on April 3 by 82 local businessmen.
  • 1848: Illinois and Michigan Canal opens and traffic begins moving through the city at a much higher rate.
  • 1847: The first issue of the Chicago Tribune is printed on June 10.
  • 1840: Chicago's first legally executed criminal, John Stone was hanged on Friday, July 10, for the rape and murder of Lucretia Thompson, a farmer's wife.
  • 1837: C. D. Peacock jewelers was founded. It is the oldest Chicago business still operating today.
  • 1837: Chicago receives its first charter.
  • 1818: Illinois joins the union.
  • 1816: The Treaty with the Ottawa, etc. is signed in St. Louis, Missouri, Ft. Dearborn is rebuilt.
  • 1812: August 15, the Fort Dearborn Massacre.
  • 1803: The U.S. Army constructs Ft. Dearborn near the mouth of the Chicago River.
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